Am Oktober wurde Matera als erste Stadt in Süditalien zur „Kulturhauptstadt Europas “ gewählt. Inhaltsverzeichnis. 1 Geographie. "Nationale Schande" war einmal: Die Bewohner lebten einst in Felswänden, nun soll von Matera die Erneuerung Europas ausgehen. Europas Kulturhauptstadt Matera, die unmögliche Stadt. Einst pfui, jetzt ui: Matera war der Schandfleck Italiens, jetzt ist die Höhlenstadt.
Matera Kulturhauptstadt Lohnenswerter Abstecher von Matera
Kulturhauptstadt Matera - Eine Stadt entdeckt sich neu. von Annette Rübesamen. Früher Schmuddelkind, heute Besuchermagnet: Die Höhlenstadt in der. Am Oktober wurde Matera als erste Stadt in Süditalien zur „Kulturhauptstadt Europas “ gewählt. Inhaltsverzeichnis. 1 Geographie. Die süditalienische Stadt Matera ist neben dem bulgarischen Plovdiv die zweite Europäische Kulturhauptstadt in diesem Jahr. Zu sehen ist dort. Matera in Kürze: geographische Lage: im Osten der Region Basilikata, auf der karstigen Hochebene der Murgia, angrenzend an die Region Apulien; Hauptstadt. Wer dieses Jahr neue kulturelle Gefilde entdecken will, kann sich für das bulgarische Plovdiv oder das italienische Matera entscheiden. "Nationale Schande" war einmal: Die Bewohner lebten einst in Felswänden, nun soll von Matera die Erneuerung Europas ausgehen. Die süditalienische Stadt Matera in der Region Basilikata trägt den Titel „Kulturhauptstadt Europas“ und erwartet ihre Gäste mit einem umfangreichen.
Matera in Kürze: geographische Lage: im Osten der Region Basilikata, auf der karstigen Hochebene der Murgia, angrenzend an die Region Apulien; Hauptstadt. Europas Kulturhauptstadt Matera, die unmögliche Stadt. Einst pfui, jetzt ui: Matera war der Schandfleck Italiens, jetzt ist die Höhlenstadt. "Nationale Schande" war einmal: Die Bewohner lebten einst in Felswänden, nun soll von Matera die Erneuerung Europas ausgehen.
These rock, or rupestrian churches - chiese rupestri - were mostly created by Basilian monks who were fleeing the iconoclastic persecutions in the Byzantine Empire during the eighth and ninth centuries.
The caves often contain faded frescoes in the Byzantine style. Many in Matera are kept locked, but some can be opened by tour guides, and several are open to the public with a combined ticket organised by the Circuito urbano delle Chiese Rupestri.
It is well worth visiting one or two of these atmospheric ancient places of worship. One of the nicest churches in Matera, though, is actually not a rock church.
San Pietro Caveoso is built in a picturesque spot on a rocky spur above the ravine, and is a charming small building with a welcoming atmosphere, simple folk-art decorations and some friendly saints.
Up in the crags above are two of the chiese rupestri , Madonna dell'Idris and San Giovanni in Monterrone, connected by a tunnel and visited with the combined ticket.
They are good ones to visit, for as well as the truly cave-like feel, burrowed into a little rocky summit, there are some charming Byzantine-style wall-paintings.
The town's main historical museum, the Museo Nazionale Ridola , contains exhibits from distant eras of Basilicata's past, from prehistory to the Roman age closed Monday mornings; a small entrance charge.
Nearby, Palazzo Lanfranchi houses the Museo Nazionale d'Arte Medievale e Moderna della Regione Basilicata - an art museum incorporating the Pinacoteca D'Errico , which has lots of religous paintings by southern painters and, more interestingly, the Centro Carlo Levi , which contains a range of paintings by the twentieth-century artist and writer who is a part of this region's modern history see Basilicata page for more about Carlo Levi.
More recent artwork can be seen in the well-presented sculpture gallery MUSMA Museo della Scultura Contemporanea Matera , which exhibits sculpture from the nineteenth century onwards closed Mondays; winter afternoons.
It's normal for churches and attractions to close for a few hours in the middle of the day, and winter opening hours are generally reduced, so check the latest times on the websites see right or on your arrival in Matera.
As tourism in Matera is becoming big business, various enterprising locals have set up tourist attractions such as cave 'reconstructions': cave-houses which have been filled with period fittings to show how life was once lived here.
You are ushered into the cave, and left to look around while listening to a recorded commentary in your chosen language.
These are fascinating opportunities to see the typical layout of an inhabited cave, as they would have been until being deserted in the s.
The furnishings and design are all very standard, and it is both impressive to see how families adapted to these restrictive living conditions, and shocking to think how recently people lived like this.
Chickens were kept under the bed, a horse in the corner and children slept where they could. Matera's biggest festival is the Festa della Bruna on the 2nd July each year, involving processions, costumes and fireworks.
There are various organisations operating tours of the sassi , and you may also encounter individual guides loitering around touting for custom.
A company called Sassi Tourism have an office on the main panoramic road, and run quite frequent tours in English.
They also sell the combined tickets for cave-churches, if you want to explore on your own. Once you've arrived in Matera, read a guidebook and got a feel for the town, you will probably be able to decide for yourself if you'd rather discover the sassi independently - which is perfectly possible and safe - or if you prefer to take a guided tour.
Our top tip is to stay in a cave while you're in Matera. Visiting a casa grotta reconstruction will bring home to you the difference between your nice hotel cave and the caves as inhabited by large families sixty years ago.
A bit of historical background really helps to make sense of the sights of Matera. Guidebooks or tour guides can be helpful to provide context.
As well as the offical tour guides, you may encounter other residents keen to impart their knowledge, including the loitering guides mentioned above.
We got trapped in a church by a man who, unasked, reeled off a string of dull information then asked for money. Accept offers if you wish; don't be afraid to say no and don't pay more than you feel is just.
We gave the church bore a small token amount, and shortly afterwards we met very different local who shared huge amounts of information and reminiscences with us out of sheer friendliness and local pride.
So don't feel inhibited about asking questions of local people; most residents over a certain age will remember the inhabited sassi , and if they didn't live there themselves, will know those who did - and also know of their nostalgia for their harsh but unusual cave upbringings.
Asking about the town and its citizens may invite anecdotes which will bring your holiday to life.
One of the most important things to consider when planning your trip to Matera is timing. Some churches and attractions are only open at weekends, particularly in winter, and some require advance booking.
If you want to fit a lot into your days, note that most sites with opening hours will close for up to four hours in the early afternoon.
Travelling on a Sunday or a bank holiday is to be avoided if you don't have a hire car - there are no trains on these days, and limited bus services.
As Matera becomes more visited by tourists, some of these restrictions might lift - but by that time the atmosphere may also have lessened There are already quite a few tour groups looking around town; late afternoon is a good time to avoid them.
Bari Airport also called Bari Palese is, at the time of writing, served by budget Ryanair flights from London Stansted. Consultado el 11 de abril de Archivado desde el original el 22 de octubre de Consultado el 18 de octubre de Vistas Leer Editar Ver historial.
Wikimedia Commons Wikiquote Wikiviajes. Vista de la ciudad. The European Capital of Culture was a tough contest, with some 21 initial contenders.
Find out more about Matera in our latest report. This content is not available in your region.Consultado el 11 de Bs Prison Break 5 de Facebook Twitter Email. Guidebooks or tour guides can be helpful to provide context. The first, and smarter, of the cave districts is called the Sasso Barisano and the other the Sasso Caveoso. If you Cinemaxx Liederhalle Stuttgart visiting away from the heat of summer, it is possible to enjoy Weißensee Film hiking around this area, to explore more rupestrian churches, and tour picturesque villages. As well as the offical tour guides, you may encounter other residents keen to impart their knowledge, including the loitering guides mentioned above. Consultado el 18 Beifahrer Nicht Angeschnallt octubre de Archivado desde el original Matera Kulturhauptstadt 22 de octubre de The squalor and malaria-ridden conditions became a national scandal and finally the cave residents were moved - by law - to modern buildings on the plateau Supernatural Staffel 11. Car access to the centre of Matera is limited, and drivers should Jurassic World 2 Das Gefallene Königreich Stream in advance with their hotels for parking advice.